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Write a 8 pages paper on the relationship between globalization and the state. Initially, globalization seemed to be supportive towards the economic and social development of states. however, through the years the actual role of globalization has been revealed. Globalization has been introduced for supporting the interests of specific groups of people, of rich, a mission that is aligned with the principles of neo-liberalism. The relationship between globalization and the state from a theoretical perspective is explained in this paper. Emphasis is given to neo-liberalism, a theory that it is closely related to globalization as analyzed below. The literature review developed for this study has revealed that globalization has contributed to the limitation of the state’s powers and this activity has been based on the rules of neo-liberalism. The chances for the states to recover their powers seem to be limited and they are depended on the ability of governments to control the expansion of neoliberalism worldwide. 2. Globalization and the state 2.1 Globalization as a concept Globalization has been described as a process ‘of double polarization, of cultural fragmentation and of formation of transnational networks’ (Friedman 2003, p.17). In its common form, globalization can be characterized as an unfair political and economic framework. R.Keohane and J.Nye claimed that globalization, as opposed to de-globalization, is the activity that aims to promote globalism (Westerfield and Abbink 2004, p.181). Globalism is a concept reflecting a world which is characterized by global networks established in countries with different cultural, political and economic characteristics (Westerfield and Abbink 2004). These networks aim to support the exchange of culture and the free movement of people, goods, and capital worldwide (Westerfield and Abbink 2004).
According to its supporters, globalization can highly benefit economies worldwide since it supports ‘trade liberalization, capital-labor mobility and exchange of information’ (Basu 2008, p.1). However, the relevant schemes are organized in such a way that finally poor and people of low income are excluded from any benefit (Basu 2008). In this context, it can be said that globalization addresses the interests of a specific social group, the rich. the latter are the main beneficiaries of globalization’s benefits (Basu 2008). A clear example of the above case is the following: under the influence of globalization, the concept of transnationalism has been promoted worldwide (Friedman 2003). Transnationalism is based on the elimination, or the limitation, of national identity and the creation of populations that represent different cultural and social ethics (Friedman 2003). However, such plans have led to the radical increase of violence worldwide (Friedman 2003), a fact that shows the inability of globalization to serve national interests and its close relation to personal interests, meaning the interests of groups of people. In other words, globalization is highly involved in activities that should be, normally, monitored and initiated by the state and not by global networks, i.e. groups of individuals who support the expansion of globalization. The relationship between globalization and the state is analytically explained in section 2.3.2 using the neo-liberalism approach. 2.
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