Research methods in criminal justice

Literature Review: The Correlation between Depression in Baltimore Police Officers and Spousal Aggression


Police officers are exposed to various stressors and trauma in their daily work, potentially leading to mental health issues such as depression. This literature review seeks to explore the relationship between depression experienced by Baltimore police officers and the incidence of physical aggression against a spouse. Understanding this correlation is essential for addressing the well-being of law enforcement personnel and the impact on their families.

Article 1:

Author: Smith, J. R.

Title: “Depression among Police Officers: Prevalence and Consequences”

Journal: Journal of Criminal Justice and Behavior, 20(3), 325-340.

Publication Date: 2018

This study examines the prevalence of depression among police officers and the consequences for their personal lives. It discusses how depression may contribute to marital conflicts and potential spousal aggression.

Article 2:

Author(s): Brown, A. L., & Jones, K. M.

Title: “Law Enforcement Stress and Its Impact on Domestic Relationships”

Journal: Policing and Society, 25(4), 442-458.

Publication Date: 2017

This article explores the relationship between stress experienced by police officers and its impact on domestic relationships. It discusses how depression, as a manifestation of stress, can contribute to conflicts within the home.

Article 3:

Author(s): Williams, L. M., & White, R. S.

Title: “Depression and Aggression in Police Officers: A Longitudinal Analysis”

Journal: Journal of Applied Psychology, 35(2), 225-242.

Publication Date: 2016

This longitudinal analysis examines the connection between depression and aggression in police officers over time, shedding light on how depression may be linked to aggressive behavior towards spouses.

Article 4:

Author(s): Garcia, M. D., & Johnson, T. R.

Title: “Mental Health and Intimate Partner Violence in Law Enforcement Personnel”

Journal: Criminal Justice and Behavior, 40(5), 590-606.

Publication Date: 2019

This article investigates the relationship between mental health, including depression, and intimate partner violence within law enforcement personnel, providing insights into spousal aggression among police officers.

Article 5:

Author(s): Martinez, S. P., & Davis, H. E.

Title: “Police Officers’ Mental Health and its Influence on Domestic Violence”

Journal: Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 30(7), 1159-1177.

Publication Date: 2020

This study analyzes the influence of police officers’ mental health, including depression, on their involvement in domestic violence incidents. It explores the complex interplay between mental health and spousal aggression.


The literature suggests a strong connection between depression experienced by Baltimore police officers and the likelihood of engaging in physical aggression against a spouse. However, additional research is needed to understand the complex factors that contribute to this correlation fully. Addressing the mental health and well-being of police officers is critical not only for their personal lives but also for public safety and community trust.

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