The work has not been graded but I like the output that was submitted to me. Is it possible for the same prof to do the next assignment I will be submitting? If possible, I will greatly appreciate it.
Case Study Analysis
Juvenile offenders often face different penalties and policies as compared to their
adult counterparts who are considered more mature and don’t require the complex
interventions juveniles face. The reasons behind these felonies are factors as the person’s
maturity level, their propensity to peer pressure and influence. It becomes at times expensive
and intensive when the diverse offenders need rehabilitation. There are concepts familiar to
juvenile and adult crime, and they include, in terminology, they are not known as the
defendant. Instead, they are called minors. There is no personal complaint against them.
Unlike adult proceedings, juvenile cases are confidential and are not open to the public. This
means that it is only open to the judge, probational officer, the minor and the attorney, the
prosecutor and a parent. As for an adult case, any courthouse you walk into and decide to
observe a trial and listen to testimonies of one wishes is possible. Lastly, juvenile cases are
sealed as confidential records, and the public cannot know about what goes on in the juvenile
trial. One is also unlikely to find the records of the juvenile. They are sealed and very
confidential (Baker, 1989).
Every state or city has its ways of responding to such rebellious youth. When they
break the law, this can be taken care of by a probate court or family courts. However, in
every community, there has been put in place to respond to cases involving someone who is
under the age of adulthood. It is fine to say that they are juvenile courts but that is just
standard as many of these juvenile courts as abused and injured or neglected children as well
as other youth charged with non-violent or aggressive acts.
There are specific common steps in processing most of which are all common among
all juvenile system, which is pre-intake screening, filing a petition, adjudication and the
disposition. All these had different kinds of hearings, which include those as detention and
the waiver or fitness hearing, the adjudicatory and dispositional hearing as well a post-
disposition review (Jones & McDowel, 1996).
Generally, courts have three functions – settle disputes, interpret the law and finally
create expectations for future action. The federal court system has four characteristics as it is
spectating from other branches. The third feature is that they can undertake Judicial Review
over passed laws by Congress and legislature. Lastly, one should keep in mind that the
federal judges are appointed for life without a decrease in salary. This is done to preserve
their independence from politics. There are also two types of courts that make civil laws and
what differentiates them is their jurisdiction. Trial courts listen to evidence, determining what
happened. The other is appeal court that does not rely on facts and instead they rely on
questions of law, which does not mean witness and evidence, instead just an argument. It also
creates most of the universal laws, and they have a more extensive jurisdiction.
The juvenile court is set up in place and has got the power to pass judgment to young
people who have not yet gotten to maturity. The juvenile system treats them differently and
views juveniles as persons between the ages of 10 – 16 as children. This means that once they
turn 17, they will be released from the juvenile court jurisdiction and are let to go to the adult
system. But it is not that they want to try the juveniles (Zigerell, 1984). It is also an attempt to
direct those who are misguided so that once they are out, they can have a better and reformed
life away from trouble. CHINS offenses are also called Children in need of supervision are
those things adults cannot get into trouble for as truancy, having tobacco, running away,
violating curfew, possession of alcohol.
Different things can happen in a juvenile court as sometimes they do not even see the
judge. For others, they are out even before they are in. The officer might decide to assess that
case and release the child on terms as ‘She was an excellent student, and she loved people.
Maybe this was another accident,’ yet the child was caught shoplifting. There are possible
dispositions such as Close, Assess, Counsel and Release which means that no further action
will be taken. In a deferred prosecution as long as the child does not misbehave, then they
must not face court action. Then there is probation which is anywhere between 6 to 12
months, but again, depending on the case they might take a longer time (Baker, 1989).
However, there are times when a child needs more supervision. This is where intensive
supervision comes in. Maybe the kid was in some form of gang, and then he will be placed in
gang-intensive supervision. If they have a drug problem, they will be put under drug ISP. For
children with cases as aggravated robbery or murder, the kid can get certified and transferred
to an adult court.
Sitting or going through the juvenile justice process can be tiring and confusing, but it
is expected that parents get engaged from start to finish participate as they stand with their
child before he is locked up. In some places, however, they have made it a priority regarding
how children and their families are treated in the juvenile approach. It has been a vital part of
the courts and probation.
While other rights vary from state to state, some of the rights are from the U.S
Supreme Court. The right to a phone call especially when they are not likely to be soon
released. They can communicate with their parents or guardians to look for an attorney, or
they can do it for themselves. The right to counsel is another right with a legal argument. If
they are not able to afford one, they are still the state appoints one for them. A minor has the
right to cross-examine witnesses as well as confront them but through an attorney. He gets
the chance to ask questions and challenge their claims (Zigerell, 1984).
In conclusion, juvenile systems are specifically meant to favor the under aged but that
does not mean all of the, as others will turn 19 and even 20 in prison. Getting to reform them
before they leave is the best thing as they will become better people un the society without
going back to court.
Jones, M. and McDowel, J. (1996). Teleconferencing Resource Manual. Richmond, KY:
Eastern Kentucky University.
Zigerell, J. (1984). Distance Education: An Information Age Approach to Adult Education.
Columbus, OH: ERIC Clearinghouse
Barker, B.O. (1989). Distance Education Technologies: All That Glitters Is Not Gold
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