I need all answers of following questions ASAP plz!

I need all answers of following questions ASAP plz!QUESTION 1
In 1433, any navigator looking for mariners with the most thorough experience in long-distance exploratory voyages would have been advised to draw his crew from:
b.The Arab world.
2 points
The Columbian Exchange was:
a.the transatlantic flow of plants, animals, and germs that began after Christopher Columbus reached the New World.
b.the first store in the New World, named for the man who founded it.
c.John Cabot’s exploration of the New World, which brought more of the goods that Columbus had found back to the Old World.
d.responsible for introducing corn, tomatoes, and potatoes to the Americas.
e.the agreement that documented what Christopher Columbus would give to Spanish leaders in return for their sponsorship of his travel to the New World.
Most, although not all, Indian societies were matrilineal.
The Spanish empire in America:
a.was, unlike the French and English New World empires, a mostly urban civilization.
b.paled in comparison with the ancient Roman Empire.
c.allowed religious freedom and therefore attracted colonists from throughout Europe.
d.was centered in Lima, Peru.
e.included most of the populated part of the New World but few of its natural resources, making the empire rich in people but poor economically.
Native American religious ceremonies:
a.did not exist until arriving Europeans insisted on knowing about Native American customs.
b.had nothing to do with farming or hunting.
c.were related to the Native American belief that sacred spirits could be found in living and inanimate things.
d.were the same in every community.
e.were designed to show that supernatural forces must control man.
In Europe on the eve of colonization, one conception of freedom, called “Christian liberty,”
a.was a set of ideas today known as “religious toleration.”
b.referred to the policy of trying to overthrow any non-Christian regime around the world.
c.mingled ideas of freedom with servitude to Jesus Christ—concepts that were seen as mutually reinforcing.
d.found expression in countries dominated by Catholics but not in primarily Protestant ones.
e.argued that all Christians should have equal political rights.
How did natives in the Pueblo Revolt of 1680 rebel against Spanish oppression, according to the investigation in Mexico City and the testimony of the Spanish-speaking Indian, Joseph, in “Voices of Freedom”?
a.They destroyed all Christian symbols and buildings.
b.They attacked and stormed the Spanish military forts.
c.They burned down the Spaniards’ fields.
d.They killed the women and children of Spanish colonizers.
e.They chased Spanish merchants out of town.
The catastrophic decline in the native populations of Spanish America was mostly due to the fact that they were not immune to European diseases.
What conclusion can we draw from the royal attorney’s investigation in Mexico City into the Pueblo Revolt in 1680?
a.Spanish officials had long anticipated this kind of protest.
b.Spanish officials in Mexico City and Spain had little understanding of native culture in the provinces.
c.Spanish administrators were determined to quell the rebellion with military force.
d.Natives and the Spanish were equally surprised at this opposition.
e.The Spanish crown was beginning to doubt the virtue of its missionary efforts.
The Indians of North America believed that land was a common resource and the basis of economic life.
The French established the first permanent European settlement in what would become New York City.
When the Edict of Nantes, which had granted religious toleration to French Protestants (Huguenots), was revoked in 1685, 100,000 Huguenots fled France for New France.
At the heart of the English Civil War was:
a.a question of sovereignty in who would make decisions for the government.
b.which family would rule the English throne.
c.who should control the colonies in the New World.
d.whether England should be an ally of Spain.
e.whether Puritans should separate from the Church of England.
The Virginia Company accomplished its goals for the company and for its settlers.
A consequence of the English Civil War of the 1640s was:
a.the establishment of Plymouth Colony.
b.an increase in the power of the Stuart kings.
c.the outbreak of war between Spain and England.
d.an English belief that England was the world’s guardian of liberty.
e.the signing of the Magna Carta.
Which of the following is NOT a way that colonists undermined traditional Native American agriculture and hunting?
a.Their refusal to build fences and permanent structures created conflict with Native American hunting methods.
b.Their freely roaming pigs and cattle trampled Native American cornfields and gardens.
c.Their reliance on the fur trade reduced the population of beaver and other animals important to the Native Americans.
d.Their need for wood depleted the forests that Native Americans needed for hunting.
e.They changed the land to suit their way of life instead of adapting to their new surroundings.
Maryland was established as a refuge for which group?
b.Native Americans
Jamestown was originally settled only by men.
In New England towns:
a.there was no local government because Massachusetts Bay leaders feared dissent.
b.the colony divided up the land because it wanted to keep the settlers from having any role in government.
c.ministers conducted town meetings, just as they conducted church services.
d.much of the land remained in common, for collective use or to be divided among later settlers.
e.there were several churches.
______ describes best the actions of the Puritan leaders in Massachusetts Bay.
Why did Sir Humphrey Gilbert and Sir Walter Raleigh fail in their attempts to colonize the New World?
a.They were more interested in agriculture than in trade, and they chose areas without good farmland.
b.Native Americans attacked the settlers, driving them from the land.
c.They tried to mingle Protestants and Catholics, who were unable to get along.
d.The government provided insufficient financial support.
e.They tried to set up colonies on the coast of Florida, and the Spanish fought off their attempts.
The Massachusetts General Court:
a.was chosen by the governor.
b.reflected the Puritans’ desire to govern the colony without outside interference.
c.ruled the colony from its beginnings in 1630.
d.was chosen by the king.
e.by law had to consist of a majority of Puritan judges.
In the 1650s, who pushed England toward a policy of expanding territory and commercialism?
a.John Smith
b.Oliver Cromwell
c.Charles I
d.James I
e.Charles II
Which one of the following is an accurate statement about the class-based society of the Massachusetts Bay Colony?
a.The General Court banned ordinary people from wearing the garb of gentlemen.
b.The Body of Liberties of 1641 stated that a debtor became the servant of his creditor if he could not repay a loan within a year.
c.Only wealthy landowners or merchants were allowed membership in Puritan churches.
d.Voting was restricted by law to men who came from designated “good families” in England.
e.A member of the upper class was known as a gentleman or lady, while a member of the lower class was simply called friend.
In regards to geography, English colonies:
a.benefited from harbors on the Gulf of Mexico.
b.had virtually no water for irrigation of crops.
c.had very little coastline.
d.did not have good land for farming.
e.were in colder climates when compared to Spanish colonies.
Nathaniel Bacon:
a.burned down Jamestown but never succeeded in taking over the colony or driving out Governor Berkeley.
b.actually was socially closer to the elite than to the indentured servants who supported him.
c.had no connection to Virginia’s wealthiest planters.
d.was the first colonist to open his own slaughterhouse.
e.won unanimous support for his effort to reduce taxes, but his effort to remove all Native Americans from the colony doomed his rebellion.
What did the Swiss-German immigrant writing his family from Pennsylvania in 1769 aspire to?
a.He was hoping to become governor.
b.He dreamed of becoming a land-owning farmer.
c.He dreamed of becoming a shoemaker.
d.He was hoping to become a homeowner.
e.He was trying to make enough money to return to Europe.
In the eighteenth century, efforts began to stop emigration from England, except that convicts were still sent to bolster the Chesapeake labor force.
What form of behavior did William Penn ban in his Pennsylvania colony?
a.singing outside of church
c.alcohol consumption
d.laughing during religious services
e.dancing in public or in private
Bacon’s Rebellion was a response to:
a.worsening economic conditions in Virginia.
b.the Glorious Revolution in England.
c.increased slavery in the Carolinas.
d.the Salem witch trials.
e.Indian attacks in New England.
The Fundamental Constitutions of Carolina:
a.permitted only members of the Church of England to worship freely.
b.were modeled on the governing structure of the Iroquois Confederacy.
c.proposed a feudal society in the New World, complete with hereditary nobility.
d.allowed no elected assembly.
e.banned slavery as antithetical to their goal of creating a society based on peasants working for noblemen.
In what ways did England reduce colonial autonomy during the 1680s?
a.The king started appointing all judges.
b.Because Charles II and James II were at least closet Catholics, the colonies no longer could have established churches within their borders.
c.Not at all; this was the era in which colonies achieved autonomy.
d.It created the Dominion of New England, run by a royal appointee without benefit of an elected assembly.
e.Charles II revoked the charters of all colonies that had violated the Navigation Acts.
New Netherland never became an important or sizable colony in the Dutch empire.
Most of those accused of witchcraft in Salem were young children.
How did the new Massachusetts charter of 1691 change that colony’s government?
a.It eliminated town government, which had been the heart of Puritan control of the commonwealth.
b.Puritans were required to permit religious tolerance of all Christian denominations.
c.It moved the seat of government to Salem, which contributed greatly to the problems involving witchcraft.
d.It required all judges to be Anglican, greatly reducing Puritan influence over the three branches of government.
e.It made Massachusetts a royal colony rather than under the control of Puritan “saints.”
For an eighteenth-century middle-class colonial woman, what would have been the top priority in daily life?
a.helping her artisan husband make his product
b.taking to market corn harvested by her husband
c.cooking the family meals
d.teaching her children to sing and dance properly
e.keeping a family journal
“Anglicization” meant all of the following EXCEPT:
a.colonists were determined to speak English as perfectly as those who lived in England.
b.colonists imported the latest London fashions and literature.
c.the colonial elite modeled their homes on the English gentry’s estates and townhouses.
d.those colonists who could afford to do so often sent their sons to England to be educated.
e.the upper-class colonists often had coats of arms designed for their families, as the upper class did in England.
In the northern colonies, slaves:
a.were forbidden by law to display any aspect of African culture in public.
b.became more important in New England after the Half-Way Covenant.
c.were far less important to New England than the Middle Colonies.
d.faced far harsher treatment than they did in the South.
e.lived in segregated but prosperous communities.
Which of the following is true of eighteenth-century slavery in South Carolina and Georgia?
a.Because the governments of South Carolina and Georgia strictly enforced laws preventing sexual contact between whites and blacks, a significant population of racially mixed individuals never developed.
b.Plantation slaves enjoyed far more autonomy than they did in other colonies, allowing them to maintain more of their African culture.
c.Colonial law gave freedom to any slave who successfully escaped to Charleston or Savannah.
d.The laws in those colonies created a very static institution with few differences among plantations, small farms, and cities.
e.Because of the high death rates of Africans due to malaria, slave populations declined by 5 to 10 percent per decade during the 1700s.
Tobacco plantations in the Chesapeake region:
a.were so profitable that by the mid-eighteenth century their owners became the wealthiest people in British North America.
b.helped make the Chesapeake colonies models of mercantilism.
c.did not have any slaves on small farms.
d.were known throughout the world as models of how slaves should be treated.
e.were far less successful than tobacco plantations that developed in the lower southern colonies.
Creek Indians sold war captives and their families to South Carolina planters as slaves.
According to colonial society, who would be a good example of a person that demonstrated virtue?
a.a planter who focused on punishing his slaves
b.a lower-class farmer struggling to survive
c.a planter who bought an extra plot of land to grow more corn
d.a slave who resisted working because he or she wanted to be free
e.a planter who served on his or her town council
The language (with mixed African roots) spoken by African-American slaves on the rice plantations of South Carolina and Georgia during the eighteenth century was known as:
The 1741 panic in New York City that led to thirty-four executions was sparked by:
a.a rally of boisterous Irish.
b.a series of fires.
c.the seizing of the armory.
d.a series of murders.
e.the imprisonment of twenty free blacks.
During the eighteenth century, British patriotism:
a.was the subject of numerous satires by Benjamin Franklin.
b.celebrated individual freedom and the rule of law.
c.emphasized England’s freedom of religion.
d.included the admission that slavery and freedom were wholly contradictory.
e.reflected the rise of Spain as Great Britain’s traditional enemy, in place of France.
How did colonial politics compare with British politics?
a.Most colonies, unlike Britain, at least allowed propertied women to vote.
b.Colonial politics proved far more corrupt until the Licentiousness Act of 1694.
c.British politics were far more democratic, befitting the British belief in liberty and the number of proprietary and royal colonies.
d.Colonists tended to agree with the British that owning property was related to having the right to vote.
e.Elections throughout the colonies were more hotly contested than British ones, with many different candidates and parties represented on the ballot.
Which one of the following statements is NOT true of the slave trade in the eighteenth-century Atlantic world?
a.Slaves were bought and sold in the Atlantic world as part of a series of trading routes that also involved British manufactured goods and colonial products such as tobacco and sugar.
b.Many slaves died of diseases on board slave ships during the Middle Passage.
c.Slightly more than half of slaves from Africa were taken to mainland North America (what became the United States).
d.The Atlantic slave trade was a vital part of world commerce in the 1700s.
e.Even those in areas where slavery was only a minor institution, such as Massachusetts and Rhode Island, profited from the slave trade.
Evidence that slaves frequently tried to escape in the eighteenth century was the numerous advertisements in colonial newspapers for runaways.
Guns made the West African slave kingdoms more powerful. What happened as a result?
a.Europeans rarely ventured into the interior of West Africa.
b.They killed more slaves than they captured.
c.They eventually stopped selling slaves.
d.Despite having guns, they accumulated very little wealth from selling slaves.
e.They also used European armies to capture slaves.
Which of the following was evidence of the impact of the Great Awakening?
a.an increasing criticism of taxation for the support of churches
b.a growing emphasis on the importance of social hierarchy
c.an increase in the suppression of religious dissent
d.a surge in traditionalism
e.an increasing deference to the clergy

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